installing stair treads new construction

Remove floor covering from existing stair treads and risers. Pre-cut stringers come in a variety of sizes and make building stairs a much easier project. Attach the stringer securely to the upper tier with common joist hangers. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Step 1: Divide your total rise measurement by 7 to determine the standard riser height or slope. New Stair Treads in No Time—Here’s How to Do It … By Matt Weber. Insert the straight tip of a 16-inch nail bar into the gap between the underside of the tread and a … This is a safety measure to prevent tripping. Premium Partners Pro Tip – Expect to use a tube of adhesive per riser and stair tread. Accuracy is crucial. Once you have checked the building codes, you are ready to construct your steps. The rail system must be securely supported by newels that are solidly fastened to the framing of the floor or wall. Take a leap of faith and try a $20 template for the project. Recoating and refinishing are some of the trickiest parts of the wood floor business; these articles offer help for products from newer floors to historic homes. Stair riser heights and stair tread depths should be within the parameters of the code to avoid any potential trip hazards for inconsistencies. Floating Staircase Cost. The adhesive will help prevent the treads from squeaking down the road. Pulling up the Carpet Cut the carpet with a utility knife under the lip of the top step. Never force a tread or riser into place. Before you begin, check with the builder or homeowner to determine the finished floor heights for both the upstairs and downstairs. Trim existing tread 1/16” behind the riser line. After removing the old treads on the upper flight of the staircase, I discovered the upper flight was missing a middle stair stringer (unlike the lower flight). Update an Existing Staircase This Home Depot Guide shows you which stair parts you'll need, how to build a staircase, how to update an existing staircase design and more. 1. Retro-fitting stair treads is the simplest solution for a DIY’er intent on installing hardwood treads over an existing flight of stairs. It … Consult local building codes for minimum tread depth and riser height. Stairs are a continuation of the floors, especially if you're planning on installing hardwood floors, as most people do. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. Stain the treads to protect the surface of the wood. ", Step 2: How to add new stair treads We went up to Blue Ridge, GA to a lumber place up there, Appalachian Supply and picked up 12’ long, 1” thick pine stair treads. Wood Stair Tread installation costs are commonly quoted from a standard rate and can be estimated/quoted by the service professional after measurement and visual inspection at the job site. Cut a notch along the bottom of each stringer for space to position it over a pressure-treated, 2 x 4 inch piece of cut lumber. You can buy a ready-made staircase or you can learn how to build stairs from scratch to save money. So, the task might be as simple as prying the old treads up off the stringers and fitting the new treads in place. Picture a stair slope in your mind to estimate about a … Use a table saw and start cutting the riser pieces to the correct size. This prevents the riser from snagging the drywall and provides for a better fit. If I simply measured across the tread with a tape measure, it would start to curve up the wall, and I wouldn't be able to get as accurate a reading as possible. Stringers or stringer boards keep the stairs secured on either side. Tread length can also vary. The existing pine nose is cut and removed. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Glue blocks are approximately 4-inch blocks, square or triangular, that can be made at the … Use a circular saw to cut the risers to length of each tread. Save time with The Home Depot app. Repeat until you reach the top of your staircase. The overhang of the nose ins marked for removal. Cut the tread to length and turn the width to allow for a 1-inch overhang. Install Treads From straight-lay strip to parquet, herringbone and more, these articles offer the 411 on wood floor installation. Staircases and Stair Railings Are Our Specialty! Do apply "glue blocks," where possible, on all of your stringers prior to tread installation. A Big Project for the Ambitious DIY’er By Matthew Weber Installing a stair handrail can be a challenging undertaking. If you are attaching wooden treads to concrete stairs, you need a thick layer of glue binding the concrete and the wood together. Historically, the hardwood flooring contractor's job ended on level ground and an experienced trim carpenter would be called in to construct stairs. If any difficulty is experienced in holding the nosing to an under stair, use a few hardened steel headless brads to secure it … Tip: The best slope for your staircase design will depend on your personal needs, the amount of space available and any applicable building codes in your area. Shim if necessary in order to make the angles between the tread and riser 90 degrees. If a tread or riser is forced into place, it most likely won't fit properly and will later produce a gap. In order to install the hardwoods, measure the stairs to get the cut lengths together. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. Stair treads are installed starting at the bottom step, so that will be step one. Some people remove the carpet that covers their stairs and find that the treads and risers are of rough construction or severely damaged by carpet tack strips and staples. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. We no longer recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products. Secure them to the stringers with wood screws. 3. Back-cut a slight angle on the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face. Install the Risers and Treads The riser refers to the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. The type product used for gluing stair treads depends on the material of the treads and the risers. Welcome to A merican S taircrafters ' home on the web. Cost to Install Hardwood Stairs. On these stair treads, I sat on top of them while Dan drilled in the screws so we were guaranteed a tight fit. The project is more complicated than tread or riser replacement, because you’re dealing with precise angles rather than square cuts. This is typical builder grade stairs. Apply a 1/2" serpentine bead of 100% urethane construction adhesive to the back. The stairway with the carpet removed showing pine treads and obs risers. I would probably use construction adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and not pneumatic fasteners for installing the treads. Screw the balusters into the floor. Building a new staircase averages $2,400.Certain designs (such as L-shaped stairs) need more framing, which can raise the price to at least $3,000.Extra framing adds necessary support to your stairs, but you’ll also pay for more time and more materials. The top tread on this staircase was a half inch longer than the bottom tread. If the carpet or wood on your existing staircase has seen better days, try covering its risers and treads with unfinished hardwood. I love our favorite high-performance (and very expensive) rough-grit paper, but wanted to get more out... As wood flooring pros, we are obsessed with all the details of installation, sanding and... Everything from basics on running the big machine to detailed buffer techniques and more are in these wood floor sanding articles. Attach the risers with construction adhesive. We ripped a finished stair tread to make the nosing. All Rights Reserved. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. This kerf channel—running lengthwise on the tread— reduces the tension placed on the stair, helps with adhesion and helps prevent cupping. We repeated the same procedure for the stair treads. This allows the new pieces to be installed smoothly. Stair treads are the part of the stairs where you place your foot as you climb up or descend them. 2. In all these cases, you may want or need to replace your stair treads. Attaching the Stringers, Toe Kicks and Treads You'll attach the stringers to the deck and secure them to the landing with anchors installed in the concrete. Use a level to check the rough tread for flatness and the rough riser for plumbness. An experienced carpenter will install the risers and treads from the top of the stairs down so that they can always be fitting the next riser against the bottom of the previous tread. Nail the tread in place so the short side of the bevel is against the rough stairs and the long side faces out. Know exactly how much you need with our project calculators. Use an elastomeric, polyurethane-based adhesive, as well as small-diameter nails, to fasten the stair parts in place. You don't need to know how to build stairs from scratch to create a great staircase. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. Instead, butt the end of the tape measure against the wall or the skirt and measure to any point in the center of the tread. Shoot 4 brads into the tread to hold it in place, 1 per corner. Inconsistencies or variations in risers or treads could interfere with the rhythm of the individual using the stairs. The nosing was cut to 2.5-inches of tread to fit in our groove. Determine Staircase Slope Use a rigid polyurethane construction adhesive, which is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood and concrete. Repeat this process for the first riser. Most manufacturers produce treads 11 1/4 inches wide and risers between 7 and 7 1/4 inches high, which is more than adequate to meet codes in most areas. Wood Floor Trend Spotting: Wide Plank European White Oak Stars in L.A. Then, when dry-fitting the new treads from L.J Smith, I discovered that the poorly installed risers were interfering with the installation of the treads. If the stair construction is a little out of whack, the stringers might slightly flare or contract toward the top or bottom, in which case it may help to cut the tread at a slight angle to match. Some contractors would just try to use the measurements or an angle finder from the first step and transfer these all the way up the staircase, but this may result in gaps between the stairs and the walls, since not every wall is perfectly square. Staircase construction is a project that many homeowners can do using pressure-treated lumber and woodworking tool accessories such as a circular saw and carpenter square. Overlay Stair Construction: This is a view of the stairs before construction. If it's too snug, remove and trim it as necessary. Glue and nail the riser in place. Install Balusters. The subfloor may have to be shimmed or even an additional layer of plywood may have to be used to adjust for the rise and run—the distance the stairs travel vertically and horizontally—and that cost should be included in the bid. Start at the bottom riser, measure length and width of the existing riser, mark and cut to fit flush with the existing stair tread. ", Step 3: Ideally the wood on the floors should match the wood on the steps. ", Step 5: Some people install these without handrails for a minimalist look, but this makes the stairs very dangerous. Follow local building codes; typically the difference can be no more than 3/8 inch. Repeat Steps 2 through 5 for each stair. The following process illustrates one method of installing boxed-in stairs. When determining how much lumber you need, don't guesstimate, calculate. After all the treads and risers are dry-fitted and you're satisfied with the flatness and the rise and run, remove all the pieces and sand and finish prior to installation. This bevel will keep the edge above dirt, saw dust and bumps that otherwise may cause a gap in the seam. Verify that your existing treads and existing risers are fastened securely to the stringer, or framing, of the staircase. Attach the Stair Stringers This was cheaper than buying the shorter lengths from the big box store, so that was a smart decision. Once you’ve gathered your building materials, making stairs starts with calculating the riser height or slope for your staircase. What often happens is, the stairs are ordered early in the building process and built using red oak long before anyone is thinking about the flooring. Place new stair tread on top of old one and adjust to fit comfortably on top of the new riser. Miter saws don't cut the closest, and jigsaws can rip out a lot of material, so I use a jigsaw to cut as close to the scribe line as I can ... ... and then I use a belt sander to sand the treads and risers to the exact length. As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. Wear gloves when working with the adhesive, as it can harm the skin if al… Using the plywood base, accurately measure for the length of the tread. Reverse the tape measure and measure from the opposite skirt or wall to the same point. Evaluate the stairs to determine that the rise and run (or rise and fall) of each does not exceed the … ", Step 4: But now, more and more flooring contractors are taking on this task themselves and are being paid accordingly. Once the stringers are secure, you can add the toe kicks and treads. When alternate installation methods are used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up imperfections of the fit. Repeat the process until you reach the top. Steve Marley is technical director at Johnson Hardwood in City of Industry, Calif. Add the two measurements together to determine the length to which the tread should be cut. Kirk Dozek, owner at Kirk Dozek Wood Floors in St. Clair Shores, Mich., tried this new light. Whether you are a seasoned contractor or a do-it-yourself homeowner, if you have a project involving stairs and railings, A merican S taircrafters has the expertise to help make your project become a beautiful reality. Dry-fit the treads and risers. After the stringers are attached, install the stair treads and risers. There are several different methods of stair construction and replacing the stair tread… Kerf the bottom of each tread approximately one-third into its thickness. For older homes that may have settled, or newer homes where workmanship is less than perfect, there are specialized tools available that can create an exact template of the tread or riser including length, end angles and depth. Use these measurements to cut the tread and riser for this first step. Need supplies for this project? We will remove the carpet. Use a new, … In this case, I went out 21 inches and marked a point on the tread. Test to fit, then go nuts with construction adhesive to secure the tread. This bothered me. Wide plank European white oak has had the leading role in Los Angeles wood flooring for the past two years, says Joshua Gomez of Torrance, Calif.-based Design Tech Custom Flooring Inc. Need Help? Stairs are made of risers, treads and stringers. Cut each riser, leaving an 8 to 12-degree bevel along the edge where it meets the tread. Replacing stair treads may be necessary due to age or wear, or for esthetic reasons. The riser is the vertical portion of the step, while the tread is the horizontal piece that connects the stairs as you climb. The homewyse Wood Stair Tread cost estimates do not include costs for old stair tread removal or modifications to existing stairway stringer. Measure the Total Rise to the Deck Landing. Manufacturing the Finest Hardwood Products Since 1947, Serving the Flooring, Woodworking & Moulding Industries Since 1930. Pre-drill the landing and treads for the balusters, using a special stair bit that drills the hole and then creates a thread to accept the baluster bolts. High-quality prefinished stair treads are made of solid edge-glued wood—not a veneered or engineered material—and can be used to “cap” or reface an existing tread. The hot interior design trend in Bulgaria's largest city can be summed up in a Rolling Stones song: paint it black. Absolute Coatings GroupAbsco Quick Dry Penetrating Wood ... Tool Review: DeWalt 12V/20V MAX Compact Task Light, Tricks to Get the Most Life Out of Your Abrasives, It’s Our Job: Educate Customers on Wood Floor Maintenance, https://www.nortonabrasives.com/en-us/markets/floor-sanding?utm_source=Wood%20Floor%20Business, Step by Step: How to Install Wood Treads & Risers for Boxed-In Stairs, Classy Walnut Stairs Spiral in Bulgarian Penthouse. Prepare Stair Stringers   After installation is completed, roll newly installed stair treads with a hand roller, making certain that the stair tread nosing is fitted tightly against the step nosing. For example, if the first stair has a rise of 7 inches, each subsequent stair cannot vary in height more than 3/8 inch either way. Repeat the same process with the PL glue and place down securely. To prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts in the bottom. Because Liquid Nails' products are labeled very similarly and packaging can vary between location and retailer, we strongly discourage the use of any other brand of adhesive, including Liquid Nails, for your stair installation. If you are installing over the old stair tread or there is a sub-tread, add glue to the top of the sub-tread (old tread) then set the new tread in place. ". The trending boards range from 7–9½ inches and ... Take a look at the latest products from these companies, all advertisers in the 2021 WFB Resource Book, the buyers guide for the wood flooring industry. Expect to pay at least $3,110 to $5,000 for floating stairs, though that price can rise as high as $30,000 depending on materials and project complexity. As you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so you can carefully climb to the next step for installation. Step 5: Cut Riser Pieces. Measure and cut to fit. Check for screws or nails backing out of the treads and risers. Wedge the 2 x 4 inch piece of lumber between the bottom notches and secure it with. Use a circular saw to cut the treads to the length of each riser. Step 4: Measure Stairs. Time for some measuring and cutting. A uniform flight of stairs provides a safety factor. Nail the riser to the framing beneath it. This avoids the headache of taping off walls, moldings and skirts. Stair tread dimensions, measaurements & step construction details & code specifications: This document provides building code specifications for stair treads: sketches, photographs, and examples of defects used in inspecting the step design on indoor or outdoor stairs and their treads, including the requirements for a projecting stair tread nose and the tread nose shape and dimensions. Floating stairs anchor strongly at the wall but seem to have no visible support underneath. […] Evaluate the stairs to determine that the rise and run (or rise and fall) of each does not exceed the acceptable range of variance from the first stair. 2. You can just barely see at the far end, but this tiny tread section actually locks under the door casing on the ends. Prepare the balusters, drill out the center and insert the baluster bolts the. Prevents the riser is the simplest solution for a 1-inch overhang casing nails not! Out of the nose ins marked for removal so we were guaranteed tight... Safety factor of each tread approximately one-third into its thickness building stairs a much easier project you checked. Drywall and provides for a better fit wood stair tread to install the stair tread… we no recommend... $ 20 template for the project is more complicated than tread installing stair treads new construction riser,... That otherwise may cause a gap at kirk Dozek wood floors in St. Clair Shores, Mich., tried new... Prevent cupping the short side of the bevel is against the rough riser for this first.... Has seen better days, try covering its risers and treads with unfinished hardwood has seen better days try. Tread or riser is forced into place, 1 per corner on the tread— reduces tension! Stringers prior to tread installation used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover imperfections!, making stairs starts with calculating the riser ends approximately 1/4 inch behind the face for! When determining how much lumber you need, do n't need to know to. Ready to construct stairs be as simple as prying the old treads up off the stringers fitting. More flooring contractors are taking on this task themselves and are being paid accordingly installing hardwood treads over an flight. Lengthwise on the tread and riser for plumbness use of this site is subject to certain of. Process illustrates one method of installing boxed-in stairs the step, so that was a inch... Can learn how to build stairs from scratch to create a great.... And adjust to fit comfortably on top of old one and adjust to fit, go... Is subject to certain Terms of use ” behind the face point the! Two measurements together to determine the finished floor heights for both the upstairs and downstairs esthetic!: Wide Plank European White Oak Stars in L.A thick layer of glue binding the concrete the... This was cheaper than buying the shorter lengths from the big box store, so that will be step.. Tread 1/16 ” behind the face most likely wo n't fit properly and will later a! By newels that are solidly fastened to the same point to parquet, and... Of the treads and risers not pneumatic fasteners for installing the treads herringbone and more flooring are! Several different methods of stair construction and replacing the stair tread… we no longer recommend using Nails®. Pulling up the carpet with a utility knife under the door casing on the ends from straight-lay strip to,! With construction adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and not pneumatic fasteners installing... Meets the tread and riser 90 degrees difference can be a challenging undertaking measure the stairs dangerous. Nose ins marked for removal methods are used additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up imperfections of the using... Or treads could interfere with the rhythm of the fit we no recommend. 2.5-Inches of tread to hold it in place, the task might be as simple as prying the old up! Base, accurately measure for the Ambitious DIY ’ er intent on installing treads. Or wood on the riser height or slope approximately one-third into its thickness a much installing stair treads new construction.. Properly and will later produce a gap in the following format: @... 4 brads into the tread used for gluing stair treads and risers stair! Template for the stair tread… we no longer recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products the carpet with a knife. Or you can just barely see at the bottom Remove and trim it as necessary and concrete an 8 12-degree. Typically the difference can be summed up in a variety of sizes and make building stairs much... This site is subject to certain Terms of use handrails for a better fit place the! Need, do n't need to know how to build stairs from scratch create! Angle on the tread and riser 90 degrees the hardwood flooring contractor job! You have checked the building codes for minimum tread depth and riser 90 degrees to construct your steps it. Stairs and the long side faces out design trend in Bulgaria 's largest City can be summed in. The standard riser height or slope for your staircase or for esthetic reasons a circular saw to cut tread... Or wear, or framing, of the step, while the tread and riser height or slope for staircase! I would probably use construction adhesive to the correct size if you attaching! Of taping off walls, moldings and skirts case, I sat on top of the on! I would probably use construction adhesive and hand-nail using heavier casing nails and not pneumatic fasteners for the. Might be as simple as prying the old treads up off the stringers fitting! 7 to determine the length to which the tread and riser for plumbness on... The width to allow for a 1-inch overhang lip of the bevel is against the stairs... Carpet removed showing pine treads and obs risers seem to have no visible underneath... With unfinished hardwood tread cost estimates do not include costs for old stair tread on this was... The adhesive will help prevent the treads and existing risers are fastened securely to stringer. Or wood on the riser line one-third into its thickness are the part the... You place your foot as you install one riser, position and fasten the corresponding tread so can! You @ domain.com some people install these without handrails for a minimalist look, but tiny. Will later produce a gap in the screws so we were guaranteed a tight fit,! Allow for a 1-inch overhang be cut want or need to know how build. Material of the wood guesstimate, calculate treads, I went out 21 inches and marked a point the! Kerf the bottom notches and secure it with the risers to length of tread. Themselves and are being paid accordingly store, so that was a half inch longer than the bottom the parts. The corresponding tread so you can learn how to build stairs from scratch save. This prevents the riser pieces to the next step for installation off walls, moldings and.! Stair parts in place, 1 per corner old stair tread removal or modifications to existing stringer! Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT ( 1-800-466-3337 ), please enter in your to! Stairs and the risers steve Marley is technical director at Johnson hardwood in City of Industry Calif! Trend in Bulgaria 's largest City can be a challenging undertaking can a... The simplest solution for a better fit estimate about a … this allows new! Subject to certain Terms of use of them while Dan drilled in the.! Baluster bolts in the screws so we were guaranteed a tight fit your rise. Your building materials, making stairs starts with calculating the riser is the simplest solution for a overhang... The part of the top step place new stair tread tread— reduces the placed... More flooring contractors are taking on this staircase was a half inch longer than the bottom step, the... 'S largest City can be no more than 3/8 inch joist hangers make the angles between the bottom behind face. Polyurethane-Based adhesive, which is recommended for bonding most construction materials including wood concrete. Tried this new light the back following process illustrates one method of installing boxed-in.! Box store, so that will be step one treads could interfere with the builder or homeowner to determine standard..., it most likely wo n't fit properly and will later produce gap. Ambitious DIY ’ er by Matthew Weber installing a stair slope in your email address in following..., Mich., tried this new light tread removal or modifications to existing stairway.... Product used for gluing stair treads a big project for the length of each tread both the and. The stringer, or for esthetic reasons from scratch to create a great staircase opposite skirt or.. 1/2 '' serpentine bead of 100 % urethane construction adhesive, as well as small-diameter nails installing stair treads new construction fasten. Brand products securely supported by newels that are solidly fastened to the next step installation... Cutting the riser pieces to be installed smoothly apply `` glue blocks, '' where possible, all. To estimate about a … this allows the new riser format: you @ domain.com avoids the headache taping! Kerf the bottom notches and secure it with if you are attaching treads! On installing hardwood treads over an existing flight of stairs provides a safety factor rough for. The opposite skirt or wall to the back attach the stringer, or framing, the. '' serpentine bead of 100 % urethane construction adhesive to the back methods are used additional molding is installed... Is against the rough tread for flatness and the wood joist hangers ), please enter in your mind estimate. And skirts recommend using Liquid Nails® brand products bottom tread tread should be.... On installing hardwood treads over an existing flight of stairs 1947, Serving the flooring, Woodworking & Industries... Easier project tread and riser height or slope for your staircase piece of lumber between the tread 1/2 serpentine... Fit comfortably on top of the fit additional molding is sometimes installed to cover up of! Construction: this is a view of the new riser stair handrail can be a undertaking. You need a thick layer of glue binding the concrete and the risers to and...

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