advantages of plastic mulching in agriculture

Using plastic mulching helps prevent soil from clumping together into a compacted mess. The clear plastic acts as a mini-greenhouse, warming the soil underneath it. Use increased from 6000 t, covering 0.12 million ha, in 1982, to 1.2 million t, covering almost 20 million ha, in 2011. Most plants are temperature sensitive, vegetables, in particular, cannot stand the winter cold. Since plastic mulching does a better job of trapping heat into the soil, the soil warms up rapidly, providing the best growing conditions for warm season vegetables. Excessive heat will kill these crops. Two of the most popular mulching types of mulch are organic and inorganic mulch. The application of plastic mulching in agriculture is getting popular throughout the world, and its usage is increasing day by day. However, the disadvantages of plastic mulch are also becoming more apparent each year. If we consider that consumption per hectare is 150 kg, we can get an idea of the huge volume of plastic used. Because mulching warms up the soil, you can plant warm season crops up to three weeks earlier than the crops’ growing season. This increase is due to benefits such as increase in soil temperature, reduced weed pressure, moisture conservation, reduction of certain insect pests, higher crop yields, and more efficient use of soil nutrients. Using plastic for greenhouses and high tunnels offers all sorts of benefits for crops and plants. To mitigate the water stress in agriculture, mulching has a crucial impact as a water-saving technique in rain-fed crop cultivation. If you don’t get rid of weeds every day, they will take over the garden in no time at all. Need A Light Meter For Your Plants? The fact is, the use of plastic films as mulch material raises environmental concerns because plastic is a type of petroleum product. It means you can plant them earlier than you could without the mulch. In 1999, plastic mulch was used on an area of more than 22 million hectares of cultivated land worldwide (Miles et al. Plastic-film mulch in Chinese agriculture: Importance and problems. However, mulch films made with TDPA™ oxo-biodegradable technology […] Summary Plastic-film mulch is widely used to increase the productivity of crops, vegetables and fruit trees in cold and arid or semiarid regions of China. Organic mulch is made from biodegradable materials such as grass clippings, wood chips, dried leaves, and straws. In this post we will discuss about plastic mulching in which the price of the machine, the price of plastic mulch sheet bundle and the total cost or cost per hectare and its benefits and which crops can be planted in it. If you have any questions please contact us at info@ecogardener.com. In general, the key benefits of plasticulture include an increase in crop yield, saving of other agricultural inputs such as agrochemicals and fertilisers and the saving of water. This program focuses on traditional styles and hybrid styles of farming. It was in the 1950s when plastic mulching became popular among US growers. More importantly, what are the pros and cons of using plastic mulch? Using plastic mulch saves time and effort which can free up the time and energy of the grower to do other tasks, therefore reducing overall labor expenses. Also, because the plastic mulch isn’t biodegradable, it has to be removed from commercial fields yearly, a practice that’s quite costly itself. How may we help you? It The mulching films prevent direct contact between soil and flower, fruit, other plant parts, so it helps improve flower, fruit quality. Agricultural plastic can transfer more nourishing solar radiation to plants as they begin to grow, protect them from pests and the elements and maintain the perfect temperature to encourage growth at different stages in their maturity cycles. On this website, we write posts related to agriculture. In the world of agriculture, the use of plastic films, for example for mulching, is as necessary as the soil and water used for planting. Clear plastic film, however, isn’t as effective when it comes to suppressing weed growth. Plastic mulches reduce the amount of water lost from the soil due to evaporation. Plastic mulch suppresses weed growth effectively and it does so in a large expanse of space. When the weeds are deprived of sunlight, they die, which saves you the hassle of pulling weeds individually by hand. The main disadvantage with PE mulch is Apart from utilizing a lot of energy to make plastic materials, these are difficult to recycle too. Pest control –. However, a new study led by researchers at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences indicates that these benefits to crops may be transient. Plastic mulching: This is a farming technique in which crops are grown through holes in sheet, laid all over the ground. Plastic mulch offers an efficient solution to two of the most time-intensive tasks facing vegetable growers: crop irrigation and weeds maintenance. Plastic products are derived from petroleum-based materials, which are not only costly to produce but also bad for the environment. Plastic is used a lot in Spanish agriculture, especially for the mulching technique. For more gardening resources, subscribe to our mailing list! Helps in weed control by cutting off the energy supply to the weeds. Plastic mulch can and should be reused as many times as possible before recycling. For large distances, it is recommended to use pressure compensated emitters or in-line column emitters which equalize pressure across the entire line to ensure uniformity in crop irrigation. 3. Using plastic mulching eliminates the need for continuous cultivation except in between the rows of plastic. Mulching helps in a significant way … Advantages of mulching. There are 2 basic types of plastic mulching: black polyethylene film and clear polyethylene. However, knowledge of the sustainability of plastic mulching remains vague in terms of both an environmental and agronomic perspective. Tags: Agricultural Mulch Film suppliers, Shade Net Cultivation; Greenhouse And Its Advantages Greenhouses are structures that are covered with glass or plastic mulch film, transparent and translucent respectively, in order to grow plants. The organic mulches improve organic carbon in the soil. It is also very effective against nematode. Government of India’s support to plasticulture The polyethylene film is usually a sheet of black plastic and it works the same way as organic mulch, the film insulates the soil, prevents soil erosion, and reduces moisture evaporation. With water conservation becoming an increasing global priority, plastic mulch use has expanded dramatically in recent decades. Benefits of plastic mulches. The plants are very sensitive to cold, so when the frost starts a good mulch can prevent the roots from freezing and dying. A good quality roll of plastic mulch will last several grow cycles. Damp growing conditions could also lead to infestations and diseases. It doesn't break down completely so it ends up in landfills. Mulch films made with conventional polyethylene are typically burned, buried, stockpiled, or tossed in landfills. Unlike organic mulch, plastic mulch is not biodegradable. Never use black plastic mulch for growing cool-season crops, such as lettuce, peas, and tubers. A grower spends less time irrigating his crops and removing unwanted weeds. Some of these benefits include the following: Mulching checks the growth of weeds in your garden. Of all the mulching materials available on the market, plastic mulch is the most restrictive so it pairs well with a drip irrigation method. The mulching film reflects light, so pests like aphids and thrips, leafminer so easy to control. Advantages : Advantages of plastic mulching 1. When installed in the garden, plastic mulch prevents weeds from getting the sunlight needed for photosynthesis. This means... Weed management. The disposal of plastic mulch is problematic because 1) removal from fields requires specialized equipment and 2) plastic products are generally hard to dispose of. On the other hand, inorganic mulch is comprised of river rock, stone, or crushed gravel. The material traps moisture and heat, which limits the loss of plant nutrients. Continue reading below to find out! It prevents the direct evaporation of moisture form the soil and thus limits the water losses and conserves moisture. These organic contents become food for the useful earthworms and micro-organisms available in the soil. Want to grow high-quality crops? It is used by commercial farms in areas where natural organic mulch is not readily available and gives the farm or garden a neat and tidy appearance. The elevated bed allows for improved drainage characteristics. While plastic mulch presents multiple benefits, it is also important to know that inappropriate selection and management of plastic mulch may result in crop damage or loss in revenue. It facilitates the root development and extraction of nutrients from a deeper layer of the soil. But did you know that there is such a thing as plastic mulching too? There are times when excess moisture is a bad thing. The fact is, cultivation is one of the major causes of root damage. And since the fruits are not in direct contact with the soil, they grow much more cleanly. Plastic mulch saves time and effort during the plant’s life cycle. Clear plastic mulch can be particularly beneficial in giving warm season crops a head start. 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