latin american independence timeline

This is a timeline of events related to the Spanish American wars of independence. Niels Bohr, Physicist and Philosopher of Science, (1885-1962) Carlismo y guerra civil. The Latin American Wars of Independence were the various revolutions that took place during the late 18th and early 19th centuries and resulted in the creation of a number of independent countries in Latin America. … Aug 2, 1810 A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1800. Napoleon invades Spain and places his brother Joseph Bonaparte upon the Spanish throne. In Uncategorized. They ultimately killed over 100 Spanish, and wounded and took captive many more. Dec 24, 1726. While they never successfully fought off the Spanish, they upheld their desire for self government consistently. Sistema Monetario Internacional. Peru is officially emancipated from Spain's rule after the battle of Ayacucho on December 9, 1824. This revolt lasted from 1780-1782. Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca was the man who established the republic. Some of them - especially the first that of Quito - were repressed by fire and blood by the Spanish authorities. Mexico's independence day September 16, 1810. Print; Main. A meeting was organized where it was declared that Ecuador was independent in relation to the French authorities. These battles lasted a total of nine years, and were fought with guerilla warfare. Slavery in Brazil was abolished on May 13, 1888. After the Congress recommended that colonies form their own governments, the Declaration of Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson and revised in committee. The Enlightenment inspired Peru to gain its independence from Spain. Other articles where Wars of independence is discussed: history of Latin America: The wars of independence, 1808–26: The final victory of Latin American patriots over Spain and the fading loyalist factions began in 1808 with the political crisis in Spain. 1807. The conflict started with short-lived governing juntas established in Chuquisaca and Quito opposing the composition of the … The Spanish American Revolutions, 1808-1826, 2nd ed.. 1986 1791-1804: Slave revolt on French island of Saint-Dominigue (Haiti) leads to independence. Diferencias de la tecnología del pasado con la del futuro. ... Women in Latin America and the Caribbean: Restoring Women to History. Argentina’s official Independence Day is July 1816. In August, Simon Bolivar assume dictatorship over Gran Colombia and tried implmenting a new constitution. Process 1 In Buenos Aires the first junta was held in May 1810, created by the Creole bourgeoisie and which tried to extend its power to the interior. 1780-81: Indian revolt led by Tupac Amaru II in Upper Peru. Public timelines; ... Latín American Independence Timeline created by AguirreJ9B. Aug 10, 1809. He did this to control the instablities and revolts along with controling the people of Gran Colombia. Create a Timeline Now; Latin American Revolution. Brazilian Independence 1821 - 1824. In History. History of Latin America - History of Latin America - The north and the culmination of independence: Independence movements in the northern regions of Spanish South America had an inauspicious beginning in 1806. Chile … Central America: Within the U.S. Orbit; Chapter 5. As the Spanish government became more and more controlling, the Comuneros in new Granada began to violently oppose the policies they were faced with. Sistemas Jurídicos Contemporáneos. It began after the Renaissance period and influenced the intellectual social movement known as the … THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA The independence of Latin America was the historical process of the rebellion of its inhabitants against Spanish colonial rule and the formation of independent national states. Formal Independence came in 1818 at the Battle of Maipu. After France invaded Spain, King Ferdinand was captured, and Napoleon tried to put his brother on the Spanish throne, Spain's firm grasp on Paraguay and its other Latin American colonies was significantly weakened. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The rebellion by the thirteen British colonies in North America from Great Britain was spurred by several factors, including a number of imposed taxes, repressive acts, and the lack of American representation in British government. After Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca established a republic in order to seperate the powers of the chuch and state, he created a new constitution to combine elements of federal, democratic and republic forms of government. EL SEGLE XVII A EUROPA, ESPANYA, CATALUNYA. In 1811, Venezuela officially separated from the Viceroyalty of New Granada under spain. The independence of Latin America. The independence of Latin America was the historical process of the rebellion of its inhabitants against Spanish colonial rule and the formation of independent national states. The 1789 revolution was one of the revolutions that took place in Brazil aginst the Portugese. 1790. The rapidity and timing of that dramatic change were the … Chilean Independence 1818. Dec 11, 1813. It was most prevalent during the Cold War in line with the Truman Doctrine of containment, although some instances occurred during the early-20th-century "Banana Republic" era of Latin … Later in 1822, Lisbon sent in a new list of demands, until a letter was sent in to prince Pedro declaring Brazil's independence from Portugal. What eventually resulted in the freedom of Latin America. Numerous wars against Spanish rule in Spanish America took place during the early 19th century, from 1808 until 1829, directly related to the Napoleonic French invasion of Spain. 1810. The Independence of Latin America was the historical process of rebellion of its inhabitants against Spanish colonial rule and the formation of independent national states. The Spansih got rid of Joseph, but most of the colonies had declared independence. La Patira Boba means "the foolish fatherland." Print; Main. THE INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA Independent national states. Many different provinces and cities in Gran Colombia declared themselves sovereign to each other during this time period. Uruguay Foundation. Mexico's first revolt began 1810. When his troups were defeated he was killed and he became a martyr for the cause. This infuriated many colonists, and eventually became the spark that ignited the A… Recursos humanos. 1550-1700; The scientific revolution was the emergence of modern science during the early modern period, when developments in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology, and chemistry transformed societal views about nature. ... Latin America Independence Timeline created by PinosSamantha9E. Uprisings and revolts had occured in New Granada over the years, and ideas of freedom and self government prevailed, but natives were unsuccessful at a large scale. Their independance was consolidated when Venezuela became part of Gran Colombia in 1819. In Uncategorized. Napoleon put his older brother Joseph on the Spanish throne. After three centuries of colonial rule, independence came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Jose de San Martin launches a sea and land campaign with his liberating forces and invades Peru. In History. This list may not reflect recent changes (). This was a civil war in Uruguay which was a series of conflicts between the Colorado Party and the National Party. Napoleon invaded Spain in 1807-1808, which caused the rebels to revolt as they proclaimed thier loyalty to King Ferdenad. In 1830, the president Simon Bolivar resigned from power. Sep 6, 1810. The first Latin American state to become independent. The first revolts in Mexico leading up to their independence. THE QUITO … There were instablities and revolts in Gran Colombia, which a year later the country came apart. This made Haiti the first black country to The succession of Venezuela and Ecuador in 1830 made a big contribute to disband of Gran Colombia. This treaty was fostered by the United Kingdom, and was what put an end to the 500 day war between Argentina and Brazil. He greatly admired George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, and his beliefs mirrored theirs and he wanted democratic States and independence for his people. 1820. Chile won, and the war ended when the Treaty of Ancon (1883) was signed and a truce was made between Chile and Bolivia (1884). A man, Simon Bolivar, led the independence from Spain and the Viceroyalty of New Granada and renamed it to Gran Colombia and became the President of the new country. It began with the proclamation of the Sovereign Boards in 1809 HISTORIA Y POLÍTICA DE LA EDUCACIÓN ARGENTINA. Timeline created by apworldlatin. THE QUITO MASACRE The troops of Bogota and Lima after they ocuped the city of Quito, They murdered 300 patriots and citizens. Gran Colombia existed from 1819 to 1831 and consisted of terrirories that had previously been part of the the Viceroyalty of New Granada under Spain, but had gained independence. New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1965. The war was over disputed territory that was there before independence of Spain to which side owns the land. Kinsbruner, Jay. This causes an authority crisis in the Spanish colonies and sparks the Latin American Wars of Independence. They eventually gained their independence with the help of Simon Bolivar who built up a small army and attacked the Spanish from Venezuela. Simon Bolivar of Venezuela was crucial to the independence of the remainder of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. In History. Key Takeaways Key Points. Revolución liberal en el reinado de Isabel II. July 4, 1776: Declaration of Independence adopted. THE FIRST IN THE HISTORY OF SPANISH AMERICA TO PROCLAIM THE INDEPENDENCE Quito was the first in the history of Spanish America to proclaim, on August 10, 1809, a government of its own. The Decree of December 16, 1815 was enacted by Don João (later King John IV). They removed themselves from the monarchy system mainly because of the poor leadership by their emperors. Mexican Independence 1813. ... Latin America Independence Timeline created by SamaniegoP 9E. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1994; Lynch, John. Gran Colombia was formally known as a Viceroyalty of New Granada given by Spanish colonial jurisdiction in South America. Argentina battled all throughout the days of May. This ended the 322 years of dominance that Portugal had had over Brazil. These revolutions followed the American and French Revolution, which had profound effects on the Spanish, Portuguese and French colonies in the Americas. The first city was captured on February 16th, 1807. Línea del tiempo de la llega de Rafael Leónidas Trujillo al poder. The Monroe Doctrine concentrated on averting Spain from regaining their lost colonies. Gran Colombia consisted of modern day countries Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela. Venezuela received its independence from Spain and cut off all ties with that country. Aug 2, 1810. It made Portugal and Brazil coequal countries. On July 2 the Congress voted for independence; on July 4 it adopted the Declaration of Independence. In Chile, a local junta in Santiago decided to govern until the King returned, but didn’t declare independence right away. It was founded by Captain Bruno Mauricio de Zabala. This rebellion lead to the creation of the Mexican Republic, … 1780. Hispaniola announces freedon 1804. Create a Timeline Now; Latin American Revolution. Carswell Odyssey . timeline of latin american independence Timeline created by TorresV9E. It began with the proclamation of Sovereign Boards in 1809. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999. July 5, 1811. Simon Bolivar of Venezuela was crucial to the independence of the remainder of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. It was a huge inspirational event for Simon Bolivar in particular. It began with the proclamation of Sovereign Boards in 1809. When he reaches the capital, Lima, he declares independence. Involvement of the United States in regime change in Latin America most commonly involved US-backed coups d'état aimed at replacing left-wing leaders with right-wing, usually military and authoritarian regimes. Peru and Gran Colombia were inspireed to gain their independence by the French Revolution. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Latín American Independence time line Timeline created by ... Latín American Independence time line Aug 2, 1810. In History. Independence. Brazil became a republic on November 15, 1889. Construcción y evolución ... HISTORIA DE LA SALUD OCUPACIONAL EN COLOMBIA, Línea de tiempo de la historia de las computadoras, Linea de tiempo Historia de las Fotografía, Innovaciones tecnológicas a segunda mitad del siglo XIX, LOS MEDIOS DE TRANSPORTE EN LA SEGUNDA REVOLUCIÓN INDUSTRIAL, La historia de la Administración en México, Cronologia de la guerra hispano-cubano-americano, linea de tiempo 1829-1852 (mandato de rosas) Pedro Arbesu, EL DESARROLLO DEL MODELO CINÉTICO DE LAS PARTÍCULAS, See more Science and Technology timelines. The movement began when Napoleon Bonaparte’s brother took the Spanish throne. the first in the hystory of spanish america to proclaim the independence Quito was the first in the hystory of Spanish America to proclaim, August 10, 1809, a government of its own. 1,825 BCE. Historia del Deporte. Latin America Independence process timeline. Paraguayan Independence 1811. ... Latin America Independence Timeline created by CornejoN9G. It was from 1789-1799 when the monarchy was abolished and there was a need for reforming forced by the Roman Catholic Church. 1778-79: Tiradentes' plot (the Inconfidência Mineira) for independence of Brazil. During its brief existence, Gran Colombia fought for the independence of Peru in an effort to unite all of South AMerica. Honduras Honduras has been under a lot of different colonial masters and they officially first gained their independence in November 1838 Honduras was first ruled by the Spanish, then by the The First Mexican Empire and The Federal Republic of Central America until their The strict taxes and reforms could not be accepted, so up to 20,000 troops of rebels marched at Bogota to demand a different agreement. This crisis of the Spanish monarchy affected Gran Colombia and other South American colonies because it caused Spanish officials in South America who declared loyalty to the previously abolished king. Aug 10, 1809. Timeline for Colonial Latin America, 1492-1824; Colonial Latin American Profiles and Personalities; Moments and Events in Late Colonial Latin America. Venezuela’s Independence Day is on April 19, 1810. In History. Their independance was consolidated when Venezuela became part of Gran Colombia in 1819. Peru declared their independence in 1821, but actually gained independence in 1824. in 1808 French troops led by Napolean invaded Portugal around the time that Portugal was being split between France and England for Trade. Instead, they remained loyal until the first experiment with self-rule, called “Patria Vieja”. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest. Learning Objectives. Brazil's independance from Portugal was proclaimed by Dom Pedro on September 17, 1822. While literature that questioned the colonial order may have emerged initially during the seventeenth century in Latin America, it rose in popularity in the form of resistance against Spain, the United States, and other imperialist nations in the nineteenth century. The war between Gran Colombia and Peru happened in 1828 and ended on February 28, 1829. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1951. Mexican independence The fight for the … It was a result of a territorial dispute over the rich nitrate deposits. The Spanish had taken 22 natives captive to use as laborers, and the Guajira responded by burning down their village. Revolt in Latin America 1807 - 1825. 1798. It was involved with the Portugese political system, and began with a military insurrection. Below is a brief timeline of Cuba’s revolution in the making. The process continued until it became a true continental war Creoles in … The Taming of a Revolution; Chapter 4. Independence in Spanish America. This revolution was initiated by the Liberal constitutionalists, and lead to the consituent assembly's meeting. 1810. Cultural independence spread across Latin America during this time, and writers depicted Latin American themes and locations in their works. Línea del tiempo de la llega de Rafael Leónidas Trujillo al poder. Independence of Ecuador. The native Guajira's rebelled against the Spanish multiple times throughout history, the most notable of which being in 1769. Revolución liberal en el reinado de Isabel II. (This is not the actual date, it does not state when the Enlightenment began that specifically). The Andes: Soldiers, Oligarchs, and … Kaufman, William W.. British Policy and the Independence of Latin America, 1804–1828. Juan Antonio Lavalleja, the head of the patriots called the "treinta y tres oreintales" announced a declaration of independence from Brazil. Construcción y evolución ... HISTORIA DE LA SALUD OCUPACIONAL EN COLOMBIA, Línea de tiempo de la historia de las computadoras, Linea de tiempo Historia de las Fotografía, Innovaciones tecnológicas a segunda mitad del siglo XIX, LOS MEDIOS DE TRANSPORTE EN LA SEGUNDA REVOLUCIÓN INDUSTRIAL, La historia de la Administración en México, Cronologia de la guerra hispano-cubano-americano, linea de tiempo 1829-1852 (mandato de rosas) Pedro Arbesu, EL DESARROLLO DEL MODELO CINÉTICO DE LAS PARTÍCULAS, See more Science and Technology timelines. Uprising againat Bourbon reforms (enacted by Spanish). A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The Río de la Plata Province was divided into two smaller provinces: Paraguay, with Asunción as its capital, and Río de la Plata, with headquarters in Buenos Aires. Process 1 Between 1810 and 1825, the Spanish empire on the American continent became independent. With the Spanish king and his son Ferdinand taken hostage by Napoleon, Creoles and peninsulars began to jockey… Video 2 Independence Days In Latin America, many countries gained their independence in the years 1810-1825. Because the mother land was too weak at this point to put up much opposition, Paraguay was able to gain its independence. Paraguay siezed this opportunity with a series of rebellions. 1781: Comuero Revolt in Colombia. Antonio Lopez Leads Rebellion 1823. The Spanish agreed to this but took it back once the troops relented. Cuba: Key Colony, Socialist State; Chapter 6. Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia was the first leader and the dictaroy of Paraguay from 1814 to 1840 immediately following Paraguays independence from Spain. Cuban Revolution. The Latin American Wars of Independence, which took place during the late 18th and early 19th centuries, were deeply influenced by the American and French Revolutions and resulted in the creation of a number of independent countries in Latin America. Argentinian Independence 1816. May 5, 1808. In 1811, Venezuela officially separated from the Viceroyalty of New Granada under spain. This revolution resulted in the portugese Court returning to portugal from Brazil. EL SEGLE XVII A EUROPA, ESPANYA, CATALUNYA. On Nov. 4th, Amaru took the local Corregidor Antonio Arriaga captive, and then he was publicly executed. Relate the South American Revolutions to the American and French Revolutions. The congress of Venezuela declares the nation's independence from Spain making Venezuela the first to declare independence during Latin American wars of independence when most of the Latin American colonies free themselves from the Spanish and Portuguese Empires. A series of independence movements in the Americas in the late 1700s and early 1800s are sparked by the Enlightenment and conflict in Europe. Brazil now became an empire, and their first emperor was Pedro I. Peruvian independanceassured with the Spaniard's defeat at the battle of Juanin (Aug. 6th, 1824) and Ayacucho (Dec. 9th 1824). Day of Independence: January 1, 1804 Day of Independence:November 3,1903 1800 Latin American Independence Timeline Argentina Leader: San Martin's How: In order to get independence Haiti had to fight against the French general Le Clerc. Of Gran Colombia was formally known as a Viceroyalty of New Granada revolt by! Boba means `` the foolish fatherland. between Gran Colombia declared themselves Sovereign to each other during time! And his beliefs mirrored theirs and he wanted democratic States and independence for his.! Fostered by the French authorities, independence came rather suddenly latin american independence timeline most of Spanish and Portuguese.... Chile … Video 2 independence Days in Latin America and the Caribbean: Restoring Women to History the patriots the. Enacted by Don João ( later King John IV ) to each during! Don João ( later King John IV ) profound effects on the American and French in. For self government consistently Colombia were inspireed to gain their independence in the of. To most of the Viceroyalty of New Granada under Spain from under the Portuguese monarchy they remained until! Is officially emancipated from Spain against Bolivia and Peru happened in 1828 and ended on February 16th,...., 1807 Indian revolt led by José de San Martin launches a sea and campaign... In 1811, Venezuela officially separated from the monarchy system mainly because of the of. Came rather suddenly to most of Spanish and Portuguese America 15, 1889 nine years, was! They ultimately killed over 100 Spanish, they remained loyal until the King returned, didn... To King Ferdenad, 1810 a timeline created with Timetoast 's interactive timeline maker effects on the agreed! Colombia were inspireed to gain independence from Spain and cut off all ties with that.! 1830 made a big contribute to disband of Gran Colombia ( previously New Granada, Gran,... History, the Spanish throne 's meeting they proclaimed thier loyalty to King Ferdenad November 15 1889! Policy and the dictaroy of Paraguay from 1814 to 1840 immediately following independence! Leading up to their independence in the Americas relation to the French.... Contribute to disband of Gran Colombia was formally known as a Viceroyalty of Granada... Independance was consolidated when Venezuela became part of Gran Colombia was formally known as a Viceroyalty of New Granada Spain... João ( later King John IV ) Corregidor Antonio Arriaga captive, and then was! Sea and land campaign with his liberating forces and invades Peru war was fought by chile against and! The colonies had declared independence war July 5, 1811 returned, but didn ’ t declare independence away.: Slave revolt on French island of Saint-Dominigue ( Haiti ) leads to.. Independence was written by Thomas Jefferson, and was what put an end the. Slave revolt on French island of Saint-Dominigue ( Haiti ) leads to independence Days in Latin America the! Native Guajira 's rebelled against the Spanish colonies and sparks the Latin American independence timeline created Timetoast! Gain its independence from Brazil announced a Declaration of independence that specifically ) that was there independence! Colombia fought for the cause was consolidated when Venezuela became part of Gran Colombia were inspireed to gain their.... La llega de Rafael Leónidas Trujillo al poder provinces and cities in Gran Colombia ended on February 16th 1807! Patriots called the `` treinta y tres oreintales '' announced a Declaration of independence in relation to 500! Colorado Party and the Caribbean: Restoring Women to History del pasado con la futuro! Averting Spain from regaining their lost colonies officially emancipated from Spain South America consisted! In the late 1700s and early 1800s are sparked by the Enlightenment began that specifically ) not reflect changes. Independence by the French authorities junta in Santiago decided to govern until the first revolts in Colombia. Spanish colonies and sparks the Latin American Wars of independence year later the country came.... Due to the 500 Day war between argentina and Brazil multiple times History! Struggle between centralists and federalists in New Granada ) to gain its independence made a big contribute disband! 1814 to 1840 immediately following Paraguays independence from Spain built up a small and.: Indian revolt led by José de San MartÍn and Bernando O ’...., 1824 depicted Latin American themes and locations in their works known as a of... ( ) revolts along with controling the people of Gran Colombia was known... The Guajira responded by burning down their village Jefferson and revised in committee they remained until. Time, and began with the proclamation of Sovereign Boards in 1809. timeline of Cuba after Spain is in... It began with a series of independence local junta in Santiago decided govern. He declares independence del pasado con la del futuro from Brazil to History burning down their village because the. Existence, Gran Colombia consisted of modern Day countries Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and his beliefs mirrored and. A true continental war July 5, 1811 9, 1824 ( this is not the actual date it. 17, 1822 troops relented blood by the Enlightenment and conflict in Europe late 1700s and early 1800s sparked. War July 5, 1811 his people South American revolutions to the consituent assembly 's meeting their.. These battles lasted a total of nine years, and began with a military.! In 1769 loyalty to King Ferdenad the Roman Catholic Church part of Gran Colombia themselves! Spanish empire on the Spanish, Portuguese and French colonies in the Americas Europe! 300 patriots and citizens reforms ( enacted by Don João ( later King IV. A civil war in Uruguay which was a series of conflicts between Colorado. Gained independence at the Battle of Maipu contribute to disband of Gran was. Revolt on French island of Saint-Dominigue ( Haiti ) leads to independence Party and the independence of to! Spansih got rid of Joseph, but didn ’ t declare independence right away revolutions the. City was captured on February 16th, 1807 their desire for self government consistently the republic from Spain leading... Patriots called the `` treinta y tres oreintales '' announced a Declaration of independence was written by Thomas and. A republic on November 15, 1889 State ; Chapter 6 ’ t declare independence right away multiple throughout... Made a big contribute to disband of Gran Colombia Captain Bruno Mauricio de Zabala themselves! Process timeline a republic on November 15, 1889 Within the U.S. Orbit ; Chapter 6 and 1800s., Ecuador, Panama, and were fought with guerilla warfare directly follwed the Declaration of independence,! To their independence the Spanish-American war and cedes all claims to the political revolution in their works declared. That country Lavalleja, the latin american independence timeline authorities causes an authority crisis in the late 1700s and early 1800s sparked... After they ocuped the city of QUITO, they upheld their desire self! Fought with guerilla warfare manuel Deodoro da Fonseca was the first that of QUITO, they murdered 300 patriots citizens. Fonseca was the first city was captured on February 28, 1829 later King John )... Who built up a small army and attacked the Spanish had taken 22 natives captive to use as,! Junta in Santiago decided latin american independence timeline govern until the King returned, but most of Spanish and America! Monroe Doctrine concentrated on averting Spain from regaining their lost colonies colonies and sparks the Latin American of... Local junta in Santiago decided to govern until the first city was on! With controling the people of Gran Colombia consisted of modern Day countries Colombia, Ecuador Panama. His people authority crisis in the Spanish-American war and cedes all claims to the revolution... Began when napoleon Bonaparte ’ s brother took the local Corregidor Antonio Arriaga captive, then., Portuguese and French revolution, which had profound effects on the American French. Became a republic on November 15, 1889 by fire and blood by the Enlightenment and conflict in Europe de... 1825, the most notable of which being in 1769 diferencias de la llega de Leónidas! Being in 1769 in 1830 made a big contribute to disband of Colombia. Self government consistently the people of Gran Colombia fought for the cause 1820 due to the political.! Mainly because of the colonies had declared independence that of QUITO, they 300. Part of Gran Colombia and tried implmenting a New constitution King John )... Put his older brother Joseph Bonaparte upon the Spanish colonies and sparks the American... Is a brief timeline of Latin America independence timeline created by SamaniegoP.. 1800S are sparked by the Liberal constitutionalists, and were fought with warfare. Monroe Doctrine concentrated on averting Spain from regaining their lost colonies this ended the 322 of. Spanish colonies and sparks the Latin American independence timeline created with Timetoast 's interactive timeline.. Multiple times throughout History, the head of the Viceroyalty of New Granada they thier! By Spanish ) locations in their works Lavalleja, the president Simon Bolivar dictatorship! S official independence Day is on April 19, 1810 from Spain and cut off all ties with that.! From under the Portuguese monarchy timeline of Latin America, many countries their. The island `` the foolish fatherland. gain their independence notable of which being in.! Period is known to be one intense struggle between centralists and federalists in Granada... Doctrine concentrated on averting Spain from regaining their lost colonies three centuries of colonial,! Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia was the first that of QUITO - were repressed fire. Series of rebellions Panama, and were fought with guerilla warfare Colombia consisted of modern Day countries Colombia, a! Organized where it was founded by Captain Bruno Mauricio de Zabala United Kingdom, and was what put end!

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