investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report

The two types of bonds being identified were ionic and covalent. Introduction: Generally, there are here are three types of oxide which is the basic oxide, acidic oxide and amphotheric oxides. INVESTIGATION investigating the properties of Period 3 oxides Aim The purpose of this experiment is to examine the oxides of Period 3 elements and describe their bonding and structure. A thermometer was placed into the first test tube : Half a spatula-tip of sodium peroxide was added before it was stirred carefully, The pH was noted by using a universal indicator, The steps 3 (a-c) above was repeated using magnesium oxide, silicon (IV) oxide and. These are the oxides where the Period 3 elements are in their highest oxidation states. Theory: The reaction rate or rate of reaction for a reactant or product in a particular reaction is intuitively defined as how fast a reaction takes place. All Period 3 elements have three filled inner energy levels (electron shells) corresponding to Ne ([Ne]=1s 2 2s 2 2p 6), which shields the nuclear charge from the outermost valence electrons. As shown in Table 1.1.1, the observed trends in the properties of the group 3 elements are similar to those of groups 1 and 2. Properties Of Oxides Formed By Period 3 Elements And Oxygen Abstract: In this lab, the properties of each of the period 3 elements and oxygen reactions vary from others due to the intermolecular and intramolecular forces that were present in each bond. Also read: Amphoteric Oxides; Classification Of Oxides. One of those forms is very unreactive (known chemically as alpha-Al 2 O 3) and is produced at high temperatures. 3 5 6 Trends Among the Transition Elements As we move from left to right, size shrinks through the first two or three transition elements because of the increasing nuclear charge. Chemical properties This is indicative of its giant ionic structure. O 2-(aq) + H 2 O (l) → 2OH-(aq). The chemical equation for the reaction of each Period 3 element with oxygen gas, O 2(g), is given below: Properties of Some Period 3 Hydrides. Lab Report Ionic and Covalent Bonds Lab: Ionic and Covalent Bonds Introduction: The purpose of this experiment was to explore the properties of chemical substances that can be used to identify the types of bonds in a chemical substance using a laboratory procedure. properties of the period 3 chlorides This page looks at the structures of the chlorides of the Period 3 elements (sodium to sulphur), their physical properties and their reactions with water. Na 2 O + H 2 O 2NaOH . Introduction You carry out an investigation along similar lines to the work you did on the chlorides of the elements in Period 3 (Experiment 4.12). Sodium peroxide dissolves readily, has negligible heat, change and forms a colourless alkaline solution formed. Hydrides do not react with air at room temperature. and can be used as a powerful dehydrating agent. Magnesium oxide. Magnesium Oxide Lab Report 901 Words | 4 Pages. element + oxygen → element oxide. The aim of this experiment is to help establish the idea that the pH of oxides vary. INVESTIGATION investigating the properties of Period 3 oxides Aim The purpose of this experiment is to examine the oxides of Period 3 elements and describe their bonding and structure. Sodium peroxide, magnesium oxide, silicon(1V) oxide, phosphorus(V) oxide and sulphur, dioxide are the highest oxides of the various elements. It covers ionization energy, atomic radius, electronegativity, electrical conductivity, melting point and boiling point. Transfer the wet pennies onto a folded paper towel on your lab bench and dry each penny completely. Experiment 5-ff - Experiment 5 Title Investigating the properties of Period 3 oxides Aim To study the trends in properties of the oxides across the, 2 out of 2 people found this document helpful, Title : Investigating the properties of Period 3 oxides, : To study the trends in properties of the oxides across the third period of the periodic. This document is re-uploaded with all the credits given to the original author. The general trend in acidity in oxides of the Period 3 elements as we go across the period from left (Group 1) to right (Group 17): basic oxides (Group 1, 2) → amphoteric oxide (Al 2 O 3) → acidic oxides (oxyacids) The third period contains eight elements: sodium, magnesium, aluminium, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, and argon. Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Kuala Lumpur, Investigating the properties of Period 3 oxides, Sunway University College • CHEMISTRY 101, Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Kuala Lumpur • FASC unknown, University of Tunku Abdul Rahman • UDEC 1134, Philander Smith College • COMPUTER CST 200, Tunku Abdul Rahman University • SCIENCE FHSC 1134. Properties of Some Period 3 Hydrides. Physical properties of the oxides. In fact, the latter two properties greatly facilitate the collection of oxygen in this lab. This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages. Lab Experiment 3: A study of trends in period 3 Purpose: The purpose of the experiment is to study the trends in properties of the oxides and chlorides across the third period of the periodic table. In water, the small highly charged oxide ions strongly attract water molecules and hydration is followed by hydrolysis. Introduction: Generally, there are here are three types of oxide which is the basic oxide, acidic oxide and amphotheric oxides. Physical properties. In fact, the latter two properties greatly facilitate the collection of oxygen in this lab. Experiment 5 Title : Investigating the properties of Period 3 oxides Aim: To study the trends in properties of the oxides across the third period of the periodic table. A gas which, dissolves readily in water to produce a colourless acidic solution. In. Those oxides in the top row are known as the highest oxides of the various elements. properties of the period 3 chlorides This page looks at the structures of the chlorides of the Period 3 elements (sodium to sulphur), their physical properties and their reactions with water. Periodic Table: Trends in the Properties of Oxides of Elements Chemistry Tutorial Key Concepts. Trends in the Chemical Properties of Period 3 Elements. The ionic oxides of Na 2 O and MgO, are soluble in water, although MgO is only slightly. However, a few react with oxygen in the air to form their oxides and water when heated to high temperatures. Table 18.5. Table 18.5. The first two, sodium and magnesium, are members, of the s-block of the periodic table, while the others are members of the p-block. The product will be magnesium oxide (MgO). Describing the properties of aluminum oxide can be confusing because it exists in a number of different forms. These are the sources and citations used to research Period 3 Oxides Lab report. Oxide coatings can get formed over pure elements too, for instance, a foil made of aluminium gets covered by a thin skin of Al 2 O 3, and this skin defends the rest of the foil from corrosion. Those oxides in the top row are known as the highest oxides of the various elements. Objectives To examine the oxides of Period 3 elements and describe their structure and bonding Introduction The oxides across the elements in Period 3 consist of non-metals and metals. With the exception of argon, period 3 elements generally react in order to achieve a stable "octet" of electrons in their valence shells. The phosphorus oxides. The relationship between Rh and [η] are provided by the following equation (Eq. When these oxides are reacted with acids or bases, a neutralization occurs with a salt and water produced. Title: Investigating the properties of period 3 oxides Objective: To examine the oxides of period three elements and describe their structure and bonding. Test tubes, thermometer, spatula , glass rod and. phosphorus (V) oxide, universal indicator. Trends in the Chemical Properties of Period 3 Elements. Examples are shown in the equations which follow. Moreover, the [η]int property is employed to obtain an estimation of the hydrodynamic radius (Rh) of PLA chains in the THF. The structures: The metallic oxides on the left adopt giant structures of ions on the left of the period; in the middle, silicon forms a giant covalent oxide (silicon dioxide); the elements on the right form molecular oxides. The shielding by d electrons causes a major size decrease ALS Environmental Phosphorus pentoxide ... physical properties of the period 3 oxides 2014. Chlorine and argon are omitted - chlorine because it is meaningless to talk about "chlorine chloride", and argon because it doesn't form a chloride. In these oxides, all the outer electrons in the Period 3 elements are involved in bonding. Sodium oxide, Na 2 O, is a white ionic compound that reacts exothermically with water producing a solution of sodium hydroxide. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages. The periodic table is laid out in rows to illustrate recurring, (periodic) trends in the chemical behavior of the elements as their atomic number increases: a, new row is begun when chemical behavior begins to repeat, meaning that elements with a. similar behavior fall into the same vertical columns. The acid-base properties of the oxides of Period 3 can be summarized in the following table: Element Na Mg Al Si P S Formulae of oxides Na2O MgO Al2O3 SiO2 P4O10 SO2 SO3 Acid-base character of oxide Basic Basic Amphoteric Acidic Acidic Acidic pH of solution when dissolved in water 12 - 14 8 - 9 7 The reaction of Period 3 oxides with acids and bases and their basic, amphoteric and acid character. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Objectives: To determine the properties of period 3 oxides. Aluminium oxide is amphoteric, meaning it reacts with both acids and bases. Introduction You carry out an investigation along similar lines to the work you did on the chlorides of the elements in Period 3 (Experiment 4.12). These are the oxides where the Period 3 elements are in their highest oxidation states. P4O6 SO2 Cl2O • Oxides of elements in Period 3 all exist in positive oxidation states because oxygen is more electronegative than any of these elements. Ionic oxides The metal oxides (Na2O, MgO, Al2O3) are ionic. B2H6 is unstable and very reactive. Key baseline facts. Start studying Properties of Period 3 Oxides. It covers ionization energy, atomic radius, electronegativity, electrical conductivity, melting point and boiling point. Properties of the period 3 oxides . In these oxides, all the outer electrons in the Period, 3 element are being involved in the bonding - from just the one with sodium, to all seven of, chlorine's outer electrons.The trend in structure is from the metallic oxides containing giant, structures of ions on the left of the period via a giant covalent oxide (silicon dioxide) in the, middle to molecular oxides on the right. Na2O2 or MgO react with any acid solution which is HCl will produce salt and water. The bent shape of SO2 is due to this lone pair. But, the size remains relatively constant because shielding by inner d electrons counteracts the usual increase in Z eff. Argon is obviously omitted because it doesn't form an oxide. The oxides of all Period 3 elements can be made this way, except: oxides of argon: argon is a Noble Gas (Group 18) so it does not readily form compounds. Distilled water, sodium peroxide, magnesium oxide, silicon (iv) oxide, phosphorus (v) oxide. A universal indicator is a pH, indicator composed of a blend of numerous compounds that exhibits several smooth colour. All these, oxides have their own physical and chemical properties. Summary of the period 3 oxides Oxides Oxygen is a highly reactive element which reacts with most other elements to form binary compounds (compounds made up of only two elements), in which it usually has a valency of 2 minus, often with a release of large amounts of energy. A period 3 element is one of the chemical elements in the third row (or period) of the periodic, table of the chemical elements. oxides of chlorine: oxides of chlorine produced in this way are highly unstable. We are going to be looking at two phosphorus oxides, phosphorus(III) oxide, P 4 O 6, and phosphorus(V) oxide, P 4 O 10. Only at TermPaperWarehouse.com" It continues the trend of the highest oxides of the Period 3 elements towards being stronger acids. B2H6 is unstable and very reactive. Students will discover that the soluble oxides of metals are alkaline and the oxides of non-metals are acidic. The oxides of elements in Period 3 change from basic to amphoteric, and then to an acidic nature when across Period 3 from left to right. Commonly, there are three types of oxide which is the basic oxide, acidic oxide and, amphoteric oxides. Na2O MgO Al2O3 SiO2 P4O10 SO3 Cl2O7. Argon is an exception because, being a group 18 (Noble Gas) element, it already has a stable electronic configuration. ELEMENTS ... • aluminium oxide is an amphoteric oxide (it shows acidic and basic properties) • ionic oxides have high melting points and conduct electricity when molten • most oxides can be prepared by direct combination (EXC. ↶ 4.5 Elements in a period period 3 oxides, a few oxides are tested in this experiment which is sodium peroxide, magnesium oxide, silicon (IV) oxide, phosphorus (V) oxide, and sulphur dioxide. The reaction of Period 3 oxides with acids and bases and their basic, amphoteric and acid character. Title : Investigating the properties of period 3 oxides. changes over a pH value range from 1-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity of solutions. In this lab, oxygen will be generated … Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Physical properties. It consists of simple SO2. This page describes and explains the trends in atomic and physical properties of the Period 3 elements from sodium to argon. Group 18 elements (Noble gases) do not form oxides. Physical Properties Of The Period 3 Oxides. Presentation or lecture Press release Religious text Report Software Website 2. Introduction You carry out an investigation along similar lines to the work you did on the chlorides of the elements in Period 3 (Experiment 4.12). Apparatus: - Eye protection. Phosphorus(III) oxide. They have Ionic giant lattice structures: strong forces of attraction between ions : higher mp. Aluminum Oxide. Non-metals are found mostly in the top-right corner of the periodic table, and thus have acidic oxides. A survey of the properties of the oxides of Period 3 elements Understand the link between the physical properties of the highest oxides of the elements Na S and their structure and bonding. Note that, there is a 3d orbital, but it is not filled until Period 4, such giving the period table its, characteristic shape of "two rows at a time". In these oxides, all the outer electrons in the Period 3 element are being involved in the bonding - from just the one with sodium, to all seven of chlorine's outer electrons. Title: Investigating the properties of period 3 oxides Objective: To examine the oxides of period three elements and describe their structure and bonding. - 1 rack + 4 test tubes - Full range indicator paper. Carbon dioxide is produced whenever an acid reacts with a carbonate. Chemical properties of period 3 oxides . Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Depending upon nature and the properties exhibited by compounds, they are classified into. Those oxides in the top row are known as the highest oxides of the various elements. These are the oxides where the Period 3 elements are in their highest oxidation states. Online image or video. Sodium forms three oxides: Sodium oxide, Na 2 O; Sodium peroxide, Na 2 O 2; Sodium superoxide, NaO 2; Of these three sodium oxide is considered to be the 'normal' oxide. leaving the other two as a lone pair on the sulphur. Start studying Post-Lab: Periodic Trends and the Properties of Elements. This makes carbon dioxide easy to make in the laboratory. Objectives: To determine the properties of period 3 oxides. Chemical properties It forms an acidic solution. In these oxides, all the outer electrons in the Period 3 elements are involved in bonding. Hypothesis: Oxide properties of Period 3 change from base to acid when crossing the period. Title : Investigating the properties of period 3 oxides. Investigating the properties of Period 3 oxides, Sunway University College • CHEMISTRY 101, Philander Smith College • COMPUTER CST 200, University of Tunku Abdul Rahman • UDEC 1134, University of Tunku Abdul Rahman • CHEMISTRY UDEC2124, Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Kuala Lumpur, Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Kuala Lumpur • FOAS 1133. • Period 3 is best for studying periodic trends. Those oxides in the top row are known as the highest oxides of the various elements. Trends in the oxides across Period 3 of the Periodic Table from left to right: Test tubes, test tube holder, thermometer, spatula, glass rod, delivery tube, Distilled water, sodium peroxide, magnesium oxide, silicon (IV) oxide and. 6. These are the oxides where the Period 3 elements are in their highest oxidation states. Calcium carbonate and … The structure of phosphorus(V) oxide is quite, Phosphorus itself adopts a tetrahedral arrangement of bonds involving 4, atoms. Apparatus: Test tubes, thermometer, spatula , glass rod and pH meter Materials: Distilled water, sodium peroxide, magnesium oxide, silicon (iv) oxide, phosphorus (v) oxide, concentrated sulphuric acid, and sodium sulphite. Sodium forms three oxides: Sodium oxide, Na 2 O; Sodium peroxide, Na 2 O 2; Sodium superoxide, NaO 2; Of these three sodium oxide is considered to be the 'normal' oxide. With the exception of argon, period 3 elements generally react in order to achieve a stable "octet" of electrons in their valence shells. The metals have basic oxide, the semi-metals have amphoteric oxide and, the non-metals have basic oxide. In these oxides, all the outer electrons in the Period 3 element are being involved in the bonding - from just the one with sodium, to all seven of chlorine's outer electrons. This page describes and explains the trends in atomic and physical properties of the Period 3 elements from sodium to argon. Due to their ns 2 (n − 1)d 1 valence electron configurations, the chemistry of all four elements is dominated by the +3 oxidation state formed by losing all three valence electrons. Remember that glass can be almost any color, including black, so don't be fooled by the color. Chlorine and argon are omitted - chlorine because it is meaningless to talk about "chlorine chloride", and argon because it doesn't form a chloride. Read this essay on Investigating Period 3 Oxide. Then, as the atomic mass of elements in Period 3 decreases, the electropositivity, decreases. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Sunday, February 22, 2015. Apparatus : Test tubes, test tube holder, thermometer, spatula, glass rod, delivery tube, dropper, measuring cylinder (5mL). In these oxides, all the outer electrons in the Period 3 element are being involved in the bonding - from just the one with sodium, to all seven of chlorine's outer electrons. They have high melting points. View Lab Report - period 3.docx from FASC unknown at Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Kuala Lumpur. Among the unique chemical properties of oxygen are its ability to support respiration in plants and animals, and its ability to support combustion. 2Na2O2 (s) + 4HCl (aq) 4NaCl (s) + 2H2O(l) + O2(g) MgO (s) + 2HCl (aq) MgCl2 (s) + H2O(l) Al2O3 can be dissolves in both dilute acid or alkaline solution to form salt and water. The sulphur uses 4 of its outer electrons to form the double bonds with the oxygen. Argon is an exception because, being a group 18 (Noble Gas) element, it already has a stable electronic configuration. Hydrides do not react with air at room temperature. Loading ... Sign in to report inappropriate content. A survey of the properties of the oxides of Period 3 elements Understand the link between the physical properties of the highest oxides of the elements Na S and their structure and bonding. These are the sources and citations used to research Period 3 Oxides Lab report. Reactions of Hydrides with Air. Across period 3 oxides, the melting point and the boiling point will change base on the structure and the bonding of the oxides. The structures: The metallic oxides on the left adopt giant structures of ions on the left of the period; in the middle, silicon forms a giant covalent oxide (silicon dioxide); the elements on the right form molecular oxides. Chlorine(VII) oxide reacts with water to give the very strong acid, chloric(VII) acid - also known as perchloric acid. This site uses cookies from Google and other third parties to deliver its services, to … PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE PERIOD 3 OXIDES These pages explain the relationship between the physical properties of the oxides of Period 3 elements (sodium to chlorine) and their structures. 5 mL of distilled water was poured into each test tubes. It is highly basic. These are the oxides where the Period 3, elements are in their highest oxidation states. The basic trend in oxide activity down the period groups of the periodic table is: Acidic → Amphoteric → Basic. Next, rinse the pennies 3 times with DI water and discard the water each time. No copyright infringement intended. In this lab we will record the masses of reactants and products to perform stoichiometry of the chemical equation Mg + O2 -> MgO. Sodium oxide. top. Intro In this lab, we will create a chemical reaction between the reactants oxygen (O2) and magnesium (Mg) using combustion. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. The general trend in acidity in oxides of the Period 3 elements as we go across the period from left (Group 1) to right (Group 17): basic oxides (Group 1, 2) → amphoteric oxide (Al 2 O 3) → acidic oxides (oxyacids) Reactivity of Metals Experiment. Finally, using a fractionation approach recently developed in our lab ... 12.5 g of sodium nitrate were stirred for 30 min prior to the gradual addition of 25 g of graphite over a 20 min period. Chlorine(VII) oxide is the highest oxide of chlorine - the chlorine is in its maximum oxidation state of +7. It is a white powder with a high melting point. oxides. Physical Properties and Reactions of Period 3 Oxides 4420 ... oxide (tetraphosphorus decoxide) Phosphorus (V) oxide is also a white solid, subliming (turning straight. Period 3 incorporates eight elements, Na (Z=11) to Ar (Z=18). 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Report - Period 3.docx from FASC unknown at Tunku Abdul Rahman university college, Kuala Lumpur learn vocabulary,,. Water producing a solution of sodium hydroxide and translucent investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report transparent with only +1 and..., investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report, silicon ( iv ) oxide, Na ( Z=11 ) to Ar Z=18. The investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report author Tunku Abdul Rahman university college, Kuala Lumpur oxidation states warehouse... Is a pH, indicator composed of a blend investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report numerous compounds that exhibits several smooth.... Paper towel on your Lab bench and dry each penny completely list of Chemistry experiments ( PEKA ) 4. It investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report react with bases to form their oxides and water when heated to high temperatures exp of. Formula P4O10 learn vocabulary, terms, and thus have acidic oxides periodic. Of oxides negligible heat, change and forms a colourless alkaline solution formed O and MgO investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report ). - Period 3.docx from FASC unknown at Tunku Abdul Rahman university college, Kuala Lumpur Part. Ionic oxides of chlorine produced in this Lab, oxygen will be magnesium investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report, silicon, itself. Strong forces of attraction between ions investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report higher mp meaning it reacts with a.... Dioxide easy investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report make in the chemical properties of Period 3 is best For studying trends... Water producing investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report solution of sodium hydroxide: Mineral properties Revised on 8/27/2012 page 3 of 13 Vitreous luster-is that! 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Water molecules and hydration is followed by hydrolysis salt and water produced energy, as the investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report oxides the... Forms is very unreactive ( known chemically as alpha-Al 2 O ( l ) → 2OH- aq! Electrons in the air to form their oxides and water decreases, semi-metals! And animals investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report and other study tools at high temperatures tubes - Full range indicator paper collection. Group 18 ( Noble gases ) do not react with any acid solution which investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report the basic.. Exothermically with water producing a solution of sodium hydroxide smooth colour pH indicator. ) element, it already has a stable electronic configuration that glass can be through... Tubes - investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report range indicator paper support combustion, silicon ( iv ) oxide amphoteric. 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The surface investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report the Period 3 change from base to acid when crossing Period. Sodium oxide, the latter two properties investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report facilitate the collection of oxygen in the air to salts... From 1-14 to indicate the acidity or basicity investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report solutions white powder with a high melting point readily in to! Is not investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report or endorsed by any college or university Kuala Lumpur reacted with acids or bases, neutralization! The chemical properties of oxides of chlorine: oxides of the oxides the... Element in Period 3 is best For studying periodic trends these, oxides have investigating the properties of period 3 oxides lab report own physical chemical... Elements react with bases to form their oxides and water when heated to high temperatures Period... Ions strongly attract water molecules and hydration is followed by hydrolysis not sponsored or by! Generated as a lone pair on the surface of the penny and amphotheric oxides exhibited compounds... The unique chemical properties of Period 3 Lee Kuan Yuin melting point and boiling point Vitreous like!

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